Sign InSign Up
All Posts

Anatomy Of The Eye

Discover the intricate details and fascinating mechanisms that make up the human eye, unraveling the mysteries of vision and shedding light on this remarkable organ.

Anatomy of the Eye


The human eye is an incredibly complex organ responsible for vision. Understanding its anatomy is crucial for healthcare professionals, especially those preparing for the United States Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE). This guide provides a comprehensive overview of the anatomy of the eye, covering its various structures and their functions.

Parts of the Eye

1. Sclera

The sclera is the tough, white outer layer of the eyeball. It provides protection and maintains the shape of the eye.

2. Cornea

The cornea is the transparent front part of the eye that covers the iris and pupil. It helps focus incoming light onto the retina.

3. Iris

The iris is the colored part of the eye surrounding the pupil. It controls the amount of light entering the eye by adjusting the size of the pupil.

4. Pupil

The pupil is the black hole in the center of the iris. It regulates the amount of light entering the eye.

5. Lens

The lens is a transparent, flexible structure located behind the iris. It helps focus light onto the retina.

6. Retina

The retina is the innermost layer of the eye. It contains specialized cells called photoreceptors that convert light into electrical signals, which are then sent to the brain via the optic nerve.

7. Optic Nerve

The optic nerve connects the retina to the brain, transmitting visual information for interpretation.

8. Vitreous Humor

The vitreous humor is a gel-like substance that fills the space between the lens and retina. It helps maintain the shape of the eye.

9. Aqueous Humor

The aqueous humor is a clear fluid that fills the space between the cornea and lens. It provides nutrients to the cornea and lens.

10. Ciliary Body

The ciliary body is a ring-shaped structure located behind the iris. It produces the aqueous humor and helps control the shape of the lens for near and far vision.

11. Choroid

The choroid is a layer of blood vessels located between the sclera and retina. It supplies oxygen and nutrients to the retina.

12. Conjunctiva

The conjunctiva is a thin, transparent membrane that covers the front surface of the eye and lines the inside of the eyelids.


Understanding the anatomy of the eye is vital for healthcare professionals, and it is a topic frequently tested on the USMLE. This guide provided an overview of the various structures of the eye, including the sclera, cornea, iris, pupil, lens, retina, optic nerve, vitreous humor, aqueous humor, ciliary body, choroid, and conjunctiva. Further study and familiarity with the eye's anatomy will help in diagnosing and treating eye-related conditions effectively.

USMLE Test Prep
a StudyNova service


GuidesStep 1 Sample QuestionsStep 2 Sample QuestionsStep 3 Sample QuestionsPricing

Install App coming soon

© 2024 StudyNova, Inc. All rights reserved.