All Posts

Lymphoma and Leukemia

: Causes and TreatmentsLearn about the causes, treatments, and similarities between lymphoma and leukemia, two of the most common forms of cancer.
2023-01-28

Introduction

Lymphoma and leukemia are two types of cancer that affect the blood and lymphatic systems. Lymphoma is a type of cancer that originates in the lymphocytes, a type of white blood cell found in the lymphatic system. Leukemia, on the other hand, is a type of cancer that originates in the bone marrow and affects the production of white blood cells. Both of these cancers can be life-threatening, and early diagnosis and treatment are essential. In this article, we will review the histology of both lymphoma and leukemia.

Histology of Lymphoma

Lymphoma is a type of cancer that originates in the lymphocytes, a type of white blood cell found in the lymphatic system. Histologically, lymphoma is classified into two major subgroups: Hodgkin lymphoma and non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Hodgkin lymphoma is characterized by the presence of Reed-Sternberg cells, large, multi-nucleated cells with a distinctive appearance. Non-Hodgkin lymphoma, on the other hand, is characterized by the presence of small, mononuclear cells.

Hodgkin lymphoma is further divided into four subgroups: classical Hodgkin lymphoma, lymphocyte-rich Hodgkin lymphoma, nodular lymphocyte-predominant Hodgkin lymphoma, and nodular sclerosis Hodgkin lymphoma. Classical Hodgkin lymphoma is characterized by the presence of classic Reed-Sternberg cells, while lymphocyte-rich Hodgkin lymphoma is characterized by the presence of small lymphocytes. Nodular lymphocyte-predominant Hodgkin lymphoma is characterized by the presence of small, mononuclear cells, and nodular sclerosis Hodgkin lymphoma is characterized by the presence of fibrosis.

Non-Hodgkin lymphoma is further divided into four subgroups: B-cell lymphomas, T-cell lymphomas, NK-cell lymphomas, and other lymphomas. B-cell lymphomas are characterized by the presence of B-cells, which are a type of white blood cell. T-cell lymphomas are characterized by the presence of T-cells, which are another type of white blood cell. NK-cell lymphomas are characterized by the presence of natural killer cells, which are a type of immune cell. Other lymphomas are characterized by the presence of other types of cells, such as monocytes, plasma cells, and histiocytes.

Histology of Leukemia

Leukemia is a type of cancer that originates in the bone marrow and affects the production of white blood cells. Histologically, leukemia is classified into two major subgroups: acute leukemia and chronic leukemia. Acute leukemia is characterized by the presence of immature white blood cells, while chronic leukemia is characterized by the presence of mature white blood cells.

Acute leukemia is further divided into two subgroups: acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL) and acute myeloid leukemia (AML). ALL is characterized by the presence of immature lymphocytes, while AML is characterized by the presence of immature myeloid cells.

Chronic leukemia is further divided into two subgroups: chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) and chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). CLL is characterized by the presence of mature lymphocytes, while CML is characterized by the presence of mature myeloid cells.

Conclusion

In conclusion, lymphoma and leukemia are two types of cancer that affect the blood and lymphatic systems. Histologically, lymphoma is classified into two major subgroups: Hodgkin lymphoma and non-Hodgkin lymphoma, while leukemia is classified into two major subgroups: acute leukemia and chronic leukemia. Early diagnosis and treatment are essential, as both of these cancers can be life-threatening.

Company

About UsContact Us

Install App coming soon

© 2023 StudyNova, Inc. All rights reserved.

TwitterYouTube